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Visa Australia

Need a Temporary or Permanent Visa to Australia? All the information you require to make a decision and advise and guidance.

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Work Visa Australia

Want to live and work in Australia? Australia needs skilled workers! Over 200,000 jobs are advertised weekly, and the unemployment rate is the lowest in years. 102,500 Skilled Visas are to be granted by June 2008.

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Work & Holiday in Australia

Australian Working Holiday visa provides opportunities for people between 18 and 30 years of age from some countries to work and holiday in Australia.

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Visitor Visa (ETA) to Australia

Are you planning on travelling to Australia to visit family and friends? The Australian Government has now made it possible to arrange an ETA via the Internet. Issued Online.

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Student Visa to Australia

Would you like to study in Australia? Each year over 150,000 international students from around 140 countries drawn to Australia to study, work and live in Australia. Find out if you are one of the lucky ones.

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Business Visa Australia

Want to manage, purchase or set up a business in Australia? The Business Skills Visa class encourages successful business people to settle permanently in Australia and contribute to the Australian economy by developing new or existing businesses.

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Basic System of Government & Democratic Ideals

Australia is a liberal parliamentary democracy similar in style to that used in the UK, USA and Canada, however, with some of its own distinctive Australian features. In Australia, the Commonwealth government consists of two ‘Houses’ or chambers, the Upper House (also called the Senate) and the Lower House (the House of Representatives). Whichever political party wins the most votes in the Lower House becomes the national government at election time. The leading political figure, the Prime Minister, is not voted for directly as in the United States, but attains that position by virtue of the fact they are the head of the winning political party.

The democratic ideals of this system of government – fairness, justice, freedom of speech, equality for all and so on – are enshrined in Australia’s basic founding document, the Constitution.

Founding Documents
Federation occurred in 1901 – this means that Australia became an independent entity and was no longer governed by the British. Since that time, Australia has cut nearly all remaining ties with Britain. The Queen is head of state, however, that she remains so is of symbolic or of historical value only and Australia - if not in name - otherwise has all the features of a Republic. In this, Australia is similar to Canada’s system of government.

Independence for Australia began with the passing of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Cth), containing the Commonwealth Constitution of Australia. This is the basic governing document and outlines the powers of the federal parliament (the Commonwealth government) in matters such as defence, immigration and tenures for legislators. Powers not mentioned in the Constitution usually fall into the hands of state governments.

With the passing of the Australia Acts in 1986 the last constitutional ties were forever severed between Australia and Britain.

Ever since the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1924 (Cth) was passed, voting has been compulsory in Australia. All Australians must vote at state and national government elections – evasion means risking a hefty fine.

Some interesting facts about Australian voting history:
• Australian women were among the first in the world to receive the right to vote (1892 in South Australia).

• The secret ballot now used in nearly all voting systems worldwide was first introduced in the Australian colony of Victoria (now one of the six states) in 1855.

Legal System
Government in Australia is divided into three arms: the Executive (the Prime Minister and Cabinet), the Legislature (parliament) and the Judiciary (the courts). The Australian legal system operates on the concept of the rule of law and strives to provide justice, equality and procedural fairness to all.

For the reason that the judiciary is formed of independent adjudicators and the fact that the High Court of Australia is the last court of appeal for any dispute in all matters, the importance of the doctrine of Separation of Powers – i.e. the Judiciary’s independence – is of heightened importance for this arm of government than for the other two. For federal judges, years for term of office are protected in the Constitution (for state judges, each state Constitution is relevant).

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